Section to look at interesting IP's/personalities
The man who bent Light
Who: Dr. Narinder Singh Kapany
Highest educational qualification:Doctorate from Imperial College, London
Areas of research: Fibre optics for medical imaging, lasers, biomedical instrumentation, solar energy and pollution monitoring.
Best remembered for: Being the first person in the world to show that light need not always travel in a straight line and for coining the phrase "Fibre optics."
His PhD research first showed that light that was shone at one end of twisted fine filaments of optical quality glass still managed to emerge from the other end.
Summary of research: Along with his doctorate supervisor Harold Hopkins, he published a paper titled "A Flexible Fibroscope, Using Static Scanning" in the reputed journal Nature in 1954. Between 1955 and 1965, he published more than 50 papers in which he outlined the basic principles of fibre optics. He coined the phrase "fibre optics" in an article he published in Scientific American in 1960. He wrote the first book on fibre optics in 1967. He has published more than 100 scientific papers, authored four books and has over 100 patents.
Other notable achievements: Named as one of the seven "Unsung Heroes" by Fortune Magazine in its "Businessmen of the Century" issue, published in November 1999.
Personal interest: Collection of Sikh art
Trivia: He is still very active. In 2011, at the age of 84, he filed a WIPO application for a patent titled "Solar Window Apparatus and Method."
[courtesy: "1001 Inventions that Changed the World Since 2,600,000 BCE" and "Narinder Singh Kapany-A Pioneer in Fibre Optics" published in Current Science in March 2010]