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First Nation to Reach Mars Orbit on its First Attempt
Mission: Mars Orbiter Mission
Objectives: Deep space communication, navigation, mission planning and management. Exploration of Mars surface features, morphology, mineralogy and Martian atmosphere by indigenous scientific instruments.
Launched By: Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
Launch Date: November 5, 2013
Place of Launch: Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh
Date of Insertion into Mars Orbit: September 24, 2014
Days of Transit: 298 Days
Payload: A camera, two spectrometers, a radiometer and a photometer
Mission Cost: Rs. 450 Crores (Almost one tenth of the cost of other satellites sent to mars)
Elliptical Orbit: Periapsis – 421.7 km and Apoapsis – 76993.6 km
Trivia: This is the first interplanetary mission for India. India is the first nation to reach mars orbit on its first attempt, and the first Asian nation to do so.
[courtesy: http://www.isro.org and http://www.wikipedia.org]